Textura, color y aceptación sensorial de tortillas y pan producidos con harina de ramón (Brosimum alicastrum) para incrementar la fibra dietética total

Pedro Antonio Domínguez-Zarate
Ignacio García-Martínez
Norma Güemes-Vera
Alfonso Totosaus

Dentro de los cultivos ancestrales subutilizados que tienen un potencial agroindustrial está el ramón (Brosimum alicastrum), ya que su semilla es fuente
de proteína, almidón y fibra. En este trabajo se investigó el efecto de incorporar harina de semilla de ramón en diferentes proporciones, evaluando su efecto sobre la textura, el color, la aceptación y el contenido de fibra dietética total de tortillas y de pan de caja. Las masas de harina de maíz aumentaron su adhesividad al incorporar harina de semilla de ramón (de 3,97 a 4,96 N), además de resultar menos duras, pero más cohesivas. Las tortillas fueron a su
vez más dúctiles al ser más deformables (de 3,73 a 4,84 N). Las menores diferencias de color con respecto al control fueron observadas al incorporar 10 % de harina de semilla de ramón (δE = 7,77 y 22,95 para tortilla y pan de caja, respectivamente). El contenido de fibra dietética total aumentó en un 26 % en tortillas y 54 % en pan de caja al utilizar 10 % de harina de semilla de ramón. En contraste, para el pan de caja sí hubo diferencias detectables por los consumidores, sobre todo en el color desarrollado. Los resultados indican que se puede utilizar un 10 % de harina de ramón en tortillas o panes sin afectar las propiedades de textura; además, a pesar de los cambios en la coloración, no son considerados importantes por los consumidores, y su uso incrementa el contenido de fibra dietética total.

Domínguez-Zarate, P., García-Martínez, I., Güemes-Vera, N., & Totosaus, A. (2019). Textura, color y aceptación sensorial de tortillas y pan producidos con harina de ramón (Brosimum alicastrum) para incrementar la fibra dietética total. Ciencia & Tecnología </Br&gt;Agropecuaria, 20(3). https://doi.org/10.21930/rcta.vol20_num3_art:1590
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coloración, estructura, fibra, maíz, trigo

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